Please check the assignment formatting requirements for your individual unit as they may differ from the advice provided in the Chicago manual. PhD and Masters by research students should consult the relevant publication manual for formatting information.
Where can I find the DOI?
DOIs will usually be presented on the first page of an article or with the publication details. If you cannot locate a DOI, do a quick search in the document by clicking CTRL + F (Windows) or Command + F (Mac) and entering doi in the search box
Arkoudis, Sophie, Mollie Dollinger, Chi Baik, and Allan Patience. 2019. “International Students’ Experience in Australian Higher Education: Can We Do Better?” Higher Education 77 (5): 799-813. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-018-0302-x.
The Australian. 2016. “A Higher Education Return.” August 18, 2016. https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/higher-education-return/docview/1811922139/se-2?accountid=10382.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics). 2021. Education and Work, Australia. Canberra, ACT: ABS. https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/education/education-and-work-australia.
Boulton, Chris A., Emily Hughes, Carmel Kent, Joanne R. Smith, and Hywel T. P. Williams. 2019. “Student Engagement and Wellbeing Over Time at a Higher Education Institution.” PLoS ONE 14 (11): e0225770. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225770.
Forsyth, Hannah. 2014a. “Dreaming of Higher Education.” Southerly 74 (2): 119-142. https://doi.org/10.3316/informit.792227855125093.
Forsyth, Hannah. 2014b. A History of the Modern Australian University. Sydney: NewSouth Publishing. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=2008112.
Forsyth, Hannah. 2017. “Post-War Political Economics and the Growth of Australian University Research, c.1945-1965.” History of Education Review 46 (1): 15-32. https://doi.org/10.1108/HER-10-2015-0023.
MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). 2019. The Future of Higher Education in the Age of Disruption. YouTube video, 47:32. https://youtu.be/NFP2S2f3io4.
Rudick, C. Kyle, and Deanna P. Dannels. 2018. “ ‘Yes, and …’: Continuing the Scholarly Conversation About Immigration and Higher Education.” Communication Education 67 (1): 120-123. https://doi.org/10.1080/03634523.2017.1392584.
Tierney, William G., and Michael Lanford. 2016. “Conceptualizing Innovation in Higher Education.” In Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research edited by Michael B. Paulsen, 1-40. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26829-3.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). 2016. Global Education Monitoring Report, 2016: Place: Inclusive and Sustainable Cities. Paris, France: UNESCO. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000247862.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). n.d. “Education Transforms Lives.” UNESCO. Accessed January 31, 2023. https://en.unesco.org/themes/education.
The World Bank. 2021. “Higher Education.” The World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/tertiaryeducation.
Download a printable version of the sample reference list.
This brief checklist highlights some general points to pay attention to when editing your in-text citations and reference list. For the components and formatting required for specific reference types, please consult the relevant sections of this Chicago referencing guide.
Example: (Smith, Jones, and Lopez 2018).
Example: Smith, Ben, Brooke A. Burke, and Jay M. Lopez.
Example: Networked Privacy: How Teenagers Negotiate Context in Social Media
Download a printable version of the referencing checklist above.