The author variations below apply to all reference types (books, journal articles, websites, etc.).
For reference list entries:
If no personal author is given, check to see if an organisation has acted as the author. Where there are no authors and you are sure that your source is credible, follow the guidelines below:
(In the Former Capital, 2020). OR The article In the Former Capital (2020) suggests…
(“A Higher Education Return,” 2016). OR In the article “A Higher Education Return” (2016)…
In the former capital of pro-slavery America, Confederate statues are coming down. (2020, July 2). SBS News. https://sbs.com.au/news/in-the-former-capital-of-pro-slavery-america-confederate-statues-are-coming-down
A higher education return. (2016, August 18). The Australian. https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/higher-education-return/docview/1811922139/se-2?accountid=10382
(World Health Organization, 2018). OR The World Health Organization (2018) reports…
Optional abbreviation - First in-text citation
(World Health Organization [WHO], 2018). OR The World Health Organization (WHO, 2018) reports…
Optional abbreviation - Subsequent in-text citations
(WHO, 2018). OR WHO (2018) highlights…
World Health Organization. (2018). Global status report on road safety 2018. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241565684
(Lane & Catling, 2016).
Lane and Catling (2016) found that…
Burns, T. (2015). Philosophy and poetry: A new look at an old quarrel. The American Political Science Review, 109(2), 326-338. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055415000076
Lane, R., & Catling, S. (2016). Preservice primary teachers’ depth and accuracy of knowledge of tropical cyclones. Journal of Geography, 115(5), 198-211. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221341.2016.1153133
(Habary et al., 2017).
Habary et al. (2017) suggested that…
Habary, A., Johansen, J. L., Nay, T. J., Steffensen, J. F., & Rummer, J. L. (2017). Adapt, move or die - how will tropical coral reef fishes cope with ocean warming? Global Change Biology, 23(2), 566-577. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13488
(Naghavi et al., 2017).
Naghavi et al. (2017) suggested that…
Naghavi, M., Abajobir, A. A., Abbafati, C., Abbas, K. M., Abd-Allah, F., Abera, S. F., Aboyans, V., Adetokunboh, O., Afshin, A., Agrawal, A., Ahmadi, A., Ahmed, M. B., Aichour, A. N., Aichour, M. T. E., Aichour, I., Aiyar, S., Alahdab, F., Al-Aly, Z., Alam, K., . . . Murray, C. J. L. (2017). Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980-2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet, 390(10100), 1151-1210. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32152-9