Chicago 17th B

Journal article

Author Surname, First Name(s). Year. “Article Title.” Journal Title in Italics Volume Number (Issue Number): Page Range. https://doi.org/DOI… or URL.


Reference list examples

Burns, Timothy. 2015. “Philosophy and Poetry: A New Look at an Old Quarrel.” The American Political Science Review 109 (2): 326-338. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055415000076.

Foley, Gary, and Tim Anderson. 2006. “Land Rights and Aboriginal Voices.” Australian Journal of Human Rights 12 (1): 83-108. https://doi.org/10.1080/1323238X.2006.11910814.

Lane, Rod, and Simon Catling. 2016. “Preservice Primary Teachers’ Depth and Accuracy of Knowledge of Tropical Cyclones.” Journal of Geography 115 (5): 198-211. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221341.2016.1153133.

Thomas, M’Balia, Alisa L. Russell, and Hannah V. Warren. 2018. “The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly of the Pedagogy in Harry Potter: An Inquiry into the Personal Practical Knowledge of Remus Lupin, Rubeus Hagrid, and Serverus Snape.” The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas 91 (4-5): 186-192. https://doi.org/10.1080/00098655.2018.1433152.

One - two authors

(Lane and Catling 2016).

OR

Lane and Catling (2016) found that …


Three authors

(Thomas, Russell, and Warren 2018).

OR

Thomas, Russell, and Warren (2018) found that …


Four or more authors

(Crysel et al. 2015).

OR

According to the findings of Crysel et al. (2015) …

Note: The abbreviation ‘et al.’ means and others.


If quoting

It was previously noted that “perhaps a genuine grasp of mortality inclines against a trumpeting of it” (Burns 2015, 337).

Burns (2015, 337) claimed that “perhaps a genuine grasp of mortality inclines against a trumpeting of it.”

Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use the paragraph number instead.

  • The DOI is given preference over a URL due to its stable nature. If there is no DOI, include the item’s URL
  • For print journal articles, use the reference components above omitting the DOI or URL
  • For journal articles without an issue number, list the page number(s) after the volume number separated by a colon e.g. 25:56-59. (Note: there is no space between the colon and the page number(s)
  • If only the volume and a month or season is available, replace the issue number with the month or season e.g. 25 (May): 56-59.

Advanced publication, supplements and article numbers

Journal article - Advanced online publication

Kappes, Andreas, and Gabriele Oettingen. 2014. “The Emergence of Goal Pursuit: Mental Contrasting Connects Future and Reality.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology (forthcoming). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2014.03.014.

Journal article published in a supplement

Stoody, Eve E., Joanne M. Spahn, and Kellie O. Casavale. 2019. “The Pregnancy and Birth to 24 Months Project: A Series of Systematic Reviews on Diet and Health.” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 109 (Suppl.1): S685-S697. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy372.

Journal article with an article number/eLocator

Pedersen, Pil Birkefeldt Moller, Joanna B. Olsen, Brody Sandel, and Jens-Christian Svenning. 2019. “Wild Steps in a Semi-Wild Setting? Habitat Selection and Behavior of European Bison Reintroduced to an Enclosure in an Anthropogenic Landscape.” PLOS ONE 14 (11): e0198308. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198308.

  • Advance online publications are articles that have been accepted for publication but will not have a volume or issue number. They are published online ahead of print
  • For journal articles published in a supplement, display the supplement letter or number e.g. Suppl.1 or Suppl. A
  • For a supplement to a particular issue of a journal, include the issue number in brackets followed by the supplement number e.g. (2, Suppl. 5)
  • For journal articles with article numbers/eLocator, display the article number in place of the page number e.g. PLOS ONE 11 (7): e0158474.
  • For print journal articles, use the reference components above omitting the DOI or URL

Newspaper or magazine article

Author Surname, First Name(s). Year. “Title of Article.” Newspaper/Magazine Title in Italics, Month Day, Year. URL.

Reference list examples

Haberman, Maggie, and Peter Baker. 2017. “In Call with Times Reporter, Trump Projects Air of Calm Over Charges.” New York Times, November 1, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/01/us/politics/trump-russia-charges.html.

Morris, Linda, Nick Galvin, and Megan Gorrey. 2019. “ ‘Scandalous’: Walsh Bay Arts Precinct Revamp Stalls.” Sydney Morning Herald, August 15, 2019. https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/scandalous-walsh-bay-arts-precinct-revamp-stalls/docview/2272722757/se-2?accountid=10382.

Weekend Edition Saturday. 2015. “Fairytales Exist: Migrants Get a Football Team of Their Own.” May 9, 2015. https://search.proquest.com.docview?1679726805?accountid=10382.

No author


(Weekend Edition Saturday 2015).

OR

As reported in the Weekend Edition Saturday (2015) …


One - two authors

(Haberman and Baker 2017).

OR

Haberman and Baker (2017) found that …


Three authors

(Morris, Galvin, and Gorrey 2019).

OR

According to Morris, Galvin, and Gorrey (2019) …


Four or more authors

(Garside et al. 2016).

OR

According to the report written by Garside et al. (2016) …


If quoting

“The Panama Papers are an unprecedented leak of 11.5m files” (Garside et al. 2016, para. 1).

According to Garside et al. (2016, para. 1) the Panama Papers “are an unprecedented leak of 11.5m files.”

Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use the paragraph number instead.

  • If the article has no author, use the title of the newspaper or magazine in place of the author for the in-text citation. The name of the newspaper or magazine is italicised e.g. (Weekend Edition Saturday 2015)
  • Newspaper, feature or magazine articles found online should include a URL
  • In the reference list, repeat the year of publication with the month day and year