Chicago 17th B

Books

Author Surname, First Name(s). Year. Book Title in Italics. # ed. Place of Publication: Publisher. https://doi.org/DOI… or URL.


Reference list examples

Crawford, Lizabeth A., and Katherine B. Novak. 2018. Individual and Society: Sociological Social Psychology. 2nd ed.
Florence: Routledge. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=5323290.

Doyle, Timothy, Doug McEachern, and Sherilyn MacGregor. 2015. Environment and Politics. 4th ed. London: Routledge. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=2194948.

Millon, Theodore, Roger Davis, Carrie Millon, Luis Escovar, and Sarah Meagher. 2000. Personality Disorders in Modern Life. NY: Wiley.


One - two authors

(Crawford and Novak 2018).

OR

As mentioned by Crawford and Novak (2018) …


Three authors

(Doyle, McEachern, and MacGregor 2015).

OR

In the research by Doyle, McEachern, and MacGregor (2015) …


Four or more authors

(Millon et al. 2000).

OR

Millon et al. (2000) suggest that …


If quoting

It was noted in the article that “psychology focuses on the characteristics and behaviors of individuals” (Crawford and Novak 2018, 5).

As stated by Crawford and Novak (2018, 5) “psychology focuses on the characteristics and behaviors of individuals.”

Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use the paragraph number instead.

  • For online books, the DOI is given preference over a URL due to its stable nature. If there is no DOI, include the item’s URL
  • For books with an edition, the edition number is placed after the title of the work - this is not necessary for a first edition
  • If author(s) first name is not provided, use the initials given
  • For print books, follow the components above, omitting the DOI or URL

Chapter in an edited book

Chapter Author Surname, First Name(s). Year. “Title of Chapter.” In Title of Book in Italics, # ed., edited by Editor(s) First Name(s) Last Name, Chapter Page Range. Place of Publication: Publisher. https://doi.org/DOI… or URL.


Reference list examples

Juvonen, Jaana, and Sandra Graham. 2004. “Research Based Interventions on Bullying.” In Bullying: Implications for the Classroom, edited by Cheryl E. Sanders and Gary D. Phye, 229-255. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=226831.

Kickett-Tucker, Cheryl, and Josey Hansen. 2017. “Ngalang Moort: Family as the Building Block of Community Development.” In Mia Mia Aboriginal Community Development: Fostering Cultural Security, edited by Cheryl Kickett-Tucker, Dawn Bessarab, Juli Coffin, and Michael Wright, 199-216. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107741768.

Renner, Adam, Bridget Brew, and Crystal Proctor. 2013. “Plotting Inequality, Building Resistance.” In Rethinking Mathematics: Teaching Social Justice by the Numbers, 2nd ed., edited by Eric Gutstein and Bob Peterson, 175-180. Milwaukee, WI: Rethinking Schools.

Thoun Northrup, Deborah, Coby L. Tschanz, Valerie G. Olynyk, Kara L. Schick Makaroff, Joanna Szabo, and Heather A. Biasio. 2009. “Nursing: Whose Discipline Is It Anyway?” In Perspectives on Nursing Theory, 5th ed., edited by Pamela G. Reed and Nelma B. Crawford Shearer, 79-80. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.


One - two authors

(Juvonen and Graham 2004).

OR

As mentioned by Juvonen and Graham (2004) …


Three authors

(Renner, Brew, and Proctor 2013).

OR

Renner, Brew, and Proctor (2013) claimed …


Four or more authors

(Thoun Northrup et al. 2009).

OR

Thoun Northrup et al. (2009) commented on the findings by …


If quoting

It was noted that “the field of toxicology could not have risen to this challenge” (Kaye 2014, 271).

Kaye (2014, 271) claimed that “the field of toxicology could not have risen to this challenge.”

Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use the paragraph number instead.

  • For online books, the DOI is given preference over a URL due to its stable nature. If there is no DOI, include the item’s URL
  • For books with an edition, place the edition number after the title of the book - this is not necessary for first editions
  • For print books, follow the components above, omitting the DOI or URL

Dictionary or encyclopedia

Author Surname, First Name(s). Year. “Title of Entry.” In Title of Book in Italics, # ed., edited by Editor(s) First Name(s) Last Name, Chapter Page Range. Place of Publication: Publisher. URL.


Reference list example

Martin, David. 2001. “Religion: Peace, War, and Violence.” In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, edited by Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes, 13090-13093. USA: Pergamon Press. https://www.sciencedirect.com/referencework/9780080430768/international-encyclopedia-of-the-social-and-behavioral-sciences#book-description.


Authored entry or article

(Martin 2001).

OR

As defined by Martin (2001) …


No author

If you include a definition from a dictionary, or information from an encyclopedia that does not have author information, incorporate it into the text, e.g.:

Webster’s Dictionary defines kerfuffle as a disturbance or fuss, noting that it’s chiefly used by the British (Merriam-Webster 2016, accessed June 9, 2018. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/kerfuffle).

Note: It is not included in the reference list


If quoting

The article noted that “a parallel fusion to religious and political discourses” (Martin 2001, 13091).

Martin (2001, 13091) defined the term as “a parallel fusion to religious and political discourses.”

Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use the paragraph number instead.

  • Where the article has no publication date, add an accessed date in the format of month day, year followed by the URL

Conference paper or poster

Author Surname, First Name(s). Year. “Title of Paper.” Paper presented at the Name of Conference, City, State/Country, Month Day(s), Year in Italics. https://doi.org/DOI… or URL.


Reference list examples

Chadwick, M. B., M. Blann, and S. Hilaire. 2008. “Multistep Direct Preequilibrium Reactions and the Monte Carlo Approach.” Paper presented at the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Paris, France, April 23-27, 2007. https://permalink.lanl.gov/object/tr?what=info:lanl-repo/lareport/LA-UR-07-2498.

Fredericks, Joel, and Christopher Lawrence. 2018. “#thisismymob: Preserving and Promoting Indigenous Australian Cultural Heritage.” Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Mobile Access to Cultural Heritage (MobileCH-2018) Barcelona, Spain, September 3-6, 2018. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2176/paper3.pdf.

Ke, Qiuhong, Mohammed Bennamoun, Senjian An, Ferdous Sohel, and Farid Boussaid. 2017. “A New Representation of Skeleton Sequences for 3D Action Recognition.” Paper presented at the 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Honolulu, USA, July 21-26, 2017. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8099969/authors#authors.


One - two authors

(Fredericks and Lawrence 2018).

OR

According to Fredericks and Lawrence (2018) …


Three authors

(Chadwick, Blann, and Hilaire 2008).

OR

In the paper presented by Chadwick, Blann, and Hilaire (2008) it was observed that …


Four or more authors

(Ke et al. 2017).

OR

Ke et al. (2017) claim that …


If quoting

The paper stated “we proposed to transform a skeleton sequence to three video clips” (Ke et al. 2017, 4577).

Ke et al. (2017, 4577) sought to “transform a skeleton sequence to three video clips.”

Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use the paragraph number instead.

  • If publication details such as dates or location are not provided, look for this information by searching for the Conference Name on Google
  • A conference paper included in published proceedings is treated like a chapter from an edited book. If the paper is published in a journal, it is treated as a journal article

Thesis

Author Surname, First Name(s). Year. “Title of Thesis.” PhD diss., or Master’s thesis, University Name. https://doi.org/DOI… or URL.


Reference list examples

Dowling, Carol Susan. 2017. “Find One of Your Own Kind’: Auto-ethnography and My Aboriginal Women Ancestors.” PhD diss., Curtin University. https://espace.curtin.edu.au/handle/20.500.11937/73585.

Gao, Wenran. 2018. “Fuel Properties and Thermal Processing of Bio-Oil and Its Derived Fuel Mixtures.” PhD diss., Curtin University. https://espace.curtin.edu.au/handle/20.500.11937/75545.

Ling, Justin. 2015. “Lords and Ladies of the Modern Age.” Master’s thesis, Mills College. https://www.proquest.com/dissertations-theses/lords-ladies-modern-age/docview/1676462563/se-2?accountid=10382


(Ling 2015).

OR

Ling’s (2015) findings claimed …


If quoting

The study indicated that “biochar has a very low ignition temperature” (Gao 2018, 96).

Gao (2018, 96) concludes that “biochar has a very low ignition temperature.”

Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use the paragraph number instead.

Following the title of the thesis, indicate the level of the thesis, using either:

  • PhD diss. (for a thesis submitted for PhD)
  • Master’s thesis (for a thesis submitted for a Master’s degree)