APA 7 Referencing

Blog post

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year, Month day). Title of blog post. Blog Name in italics. URL


Reference list example

saywhatnathan. (2019, November 6). Anniversaries need to be uncomfortable. Archival Decolonist. https://archivaldecolonist.com/2019/11/06/anniversaries-need-to-be-uncomfortable/

Tay, A. (2019, January 15). Why our citation practices make no sense. Musings About Librarianship. http://musingsaboutlibrarianship.blogspot.com/2019/01/why-our-citation-practices-make-no-sense.html

(Tay, 2019).

OR

Tay (2019) makes the case that…


If quoting

“Every year, thousands of hours are devoted…into beating citations into shape” (Tay, 2019, para. 3).

OR

Tay (2019) argues “every year, thousands of hours are devoted…into beating citations into shape” (para. 3).

Note. When quoting, if there is no page number, use a paragraph number instead.

  • If the author’s name is not available, provide the username

Facebook

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year, Month day posted). Content of the post up to the first 20 words in italics [Description]. Facebook. URL


Reference list examples

Buzzfeed. (2019, November 29). Can’t get over these tiny ginger bread houses [Video]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/BuzzFeed/videos/2273404652766055

Obama, B. (2018, January 1). During my presidency, I started a tradition of sharing my reading and play lists [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/barackobama/posts/10155532677446749

(Obama, 2018).

OR

Obama (2018) revealed…


If quoting

The former president shared “songs that got me moving” (Obama, 2018, para.1).

OR

Obama (2018) shared “songs that got me moving” (para. 1).


Note: When quoting, if there is no page number, use a paragraph number instead

  • Provide a description of the content inside square brackets after the title of the post e.g. Poll, Status update, Infographic, Video etc.
  • Do not alter the spelling or capitalisation used in the post

Instagram

Author Surname, Initial(s). [Instagram username]. (year, Month day posted). Content of the post up to the first 20 words in italics [Description]. Instagram. URL


Reference list examples

Nicklen, P. [@paulnicklen]. (2019, December 1). It has been an incredible year with @sealegacy [Video]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B5iReDxFOhb

Souza, P. [@petesouza]. (2018, February 8). A loving touch [Photograph]. Instagram. https://instagram.com/p/Be8MsHcI8DP

(Souza, 2018).

OR

In the photograph, Souza (2018) depicts…

  • If the real name of the author is unknown, include only the Instagram username without brackets
  • Provide a description of the content inside square brackets after the title e.g. Photograph, Video
  • Do not alter the spelling or capitalisation used in the post
  • If you reproduce an image from Instagram in an assignment, refer to the APA 7th tables and figures referencing guide for further instruction

Twitter

Author Surname, Initial(s). [Twitter username]. (year, Month day posted). Content of the post up to the first 20 words in italics [Tweet]. Twitter. URL


Reference list examples

Hayman-Reber, M. [@MadelineHayman]. (2021, July 4). Thanks to all the deadly mob around the country who contributed to this special weather map that @NareldaJacobs10 and I [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/MadelineHayman/status/1411619224720601090

The New York Times. [@nytimes]. (2019, December 2). Climate change and inequality converge in Los Angeles, where officials see the baking sun as a growing crisis and shade [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/nytimes/status/120137548656505857

(Hayman-Reber, 2021).

OR

Hayman-Reber (2021) suggests…

  • If the real name of the author is unknown, include only the Twitter username without brackets
  • Provide a description of the content inside square brackets after the title e.g. Tweet, Video, Poll
  • Do not alter the spelling or capitalisation used in the tweet