APA 7 Referencing

Journal article

Author’s Surname, Initial(s). (year of publication). Title of journal article: Subtitle. Journal Title in Italics, volume number in italics(issue number), page range. https://doi.org… or URL


Reference list examples

Habray, A., Johansen, J. L., Nay, T. J., Steffensen, J. F., & Rummer, J. L. (2017). Adapt, move or die - how will tropical coral reef fishes cope with ocean warming? Global Change Biology, 23(2), 566-577. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13488

Lane, R., & Catling, S. (2016). Preservice primary teachers’ depth and accuracy of knowledge of tropical cyclones. Journal of Geography, 115(5), 198-211. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221341.2016.1153133

Naghavi, M., Abajobir, A. A., Abbafati, C., Abbas, K. M., Abd-Allah, F., Abera, S. F., Aboyans, V., Adetokunboh, O., Afshin, A., Agrawal, A., Ahmadi, A., Ahmed, M. B., Aichour, A. N., Aichour, M. T. E., Aichour, I., Aiyar, S., Alahdab, F., Al-Aly, Z., Alam, K., . . . Murray, C. J. L. (2017). Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980–2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet, 390(10100), 1151-1210. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32152-9

One - two authors

(Lane & Catling, 2016).

OR

Lane and Catling (2016) suggest…


Three or more authors

(Habray et al., 2017).

OR

Habray et al. (2017) argue…

Note. The abbreviation ‘et al.’ means and others.


If quoting

“To be well-informed national and global citizens, young adults need to be knowledgeable about the causes, processes, and impacts of climatic hazards” (Lane & Catling, 2016, p. 199).

OR

Lane and Catling (2016) highlight that “to be well-informed national and global citizens, young adults need to be knowledgeable about the causes, processes, and impacts of climatic hazards” (p. 199).

  • The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a number or code which uniquely identifies a document. It is given preference over the URL due to its stable nature. If one has been assigned, include it in your reference list in its resolved form (which means the DOI is preceded by https://doi.org/). If you cannot locate a DOI, include the article’s URL.
  • If there is no issue number, omit this from your reference.
  • For a print journal omit the DOI/URL
  • If a journal article has 21 or more authors, in the reference list entry include the first 19 authors followed by an ellipsis (. . .) then the final author’s name

Advanced publication, supplements and article numbers

Journal article - Advanced online publication

Jayathilake, C., & Huxham, M. (2021). Communities of practice or communicative rationality? A study of autonomous peer assisted learning. Active Learning in Higher Education. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469787421998123

Journal article published in a supplement

Lock, M. (2015). Eclipse of the gene and return of divination. Current Anthropology, 46(Suppl. 5), S47-S70. https://doi.org/10.1086/432452

Journal article with an article number/eLocator

Eades, S. J., & Banks, E. (2017). 50 years since citizenship: Successes and challenges in Indigenous health. Public Health Research & Practice, 27(4), Article e2741730. https://doi.org/10.17061/phrp2741730

  • Advance online publications have been accepted for publication, but are published online ahead of print. They will not have a volume or issue number
  • Replace the issue number with the abbreviation Suppl. and the supplement letter or number e.g. (Suppl. A) or (Suppl. 3)
  • For a supplement to a particular issue of a journal, include the issue number in the brackets before the supplement number e.g. (5, Suppl. 2)
  • For articles with article numbers/eLocators, write the word Article followed by the article number in place of the page range e.g. PLOS ONE, 11(7), Article e0158474.

Newspaper article

Author’s Surname, Initial(s). (year, Month day of publication). Title of article: Subtitle. Newspaper or Magazine Title in Italics. URL


Reference list examples

Garside, J., Harding, L., Watt, H., Pegg, D., Bengtsson, H., Bowers, S., Gibson, O., & Hopkins, N. (2016, April 5). What are the Panama papers? A guide to history’s biggest data leak. The Guardian. https://theguardian.com/news/2016/apr/03/what-you-need-to-know-about-the-panama-papers

A higher education return. (2016, August 18). The Australian. https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/higher-education-return/docview/1811922139/se-2?accountid=10382

Winning, D., & Glynn, J. (2020, January 6). World news: Australia’s fires create own storms. Wall Street Journal. https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/world-news-australia-s-fires-create-own-storms/docview/2333541834/se-2?accountid=10382

No author

(“A Higher Education Return,” 2016).

OR

The article “A Higher Education Return” (2016) explores…

Note. Use the first few words from your article’s title alongside its year of publication so that your reader can easily locate the correct reference list entry.


One - two authors

(Winning & Glynn, 2020).

OR

Winning and Glynn (2020) discuss…


Three or more authors

(Garside et al., 2016).

OR

Garside et al. (2016) advance…

Note. The abbreviation ‘et al.’ means and others.


If quoting

… there was an “unprecedented leak of 11.5m files” (Garside et al., 2016, para. 1).

OR

Garside et al. (2016) reported the “unprecedented leak of 11.5m files” (para. 1).

Note. If you’re quoting from an online newspaper that doesn’t provide page numbers, use a paragraph number instead.

  • If you are referencing a print newspaper article replace the URL with the page number e.g. The West Australian, 22.
  • If you are referencing an article from a news website that does not have an associated daily or weekly newspaper (e.g. ABC News), use the reference type Webpage from a news website (under Websites in the guide menu)
  • Where there is no author, arrange the article in the reference list by the first word of the title (other than A, An, or The)